Hypertension, more commonly known as high blood pressure, is the rapid flow of blood through the arteries of the heart. Over time, the constant, powerful rush of blood against the artery walls takes its toll, resulting in long-term damage to the heart.
Untreated hypertension leads to heart disease and other health problems such as kidney and eye disease, stroke, and atherosclerosis.
Many people with high blood pressure have no visible symptoms. The headaches and shortness of breath that sometimes accompany hypertension are attributable to other conditions, making it difficult to determine the cause of the problem using these two symptoms alone.
The best way to determine if you have high blood pressure is to visit your doctor for an annual screening.
There are two types of hypertension. The cause of the first kind of hypertension, known as primary hypertension, is unknown. People with primary hypertension experience increasingly elevated blood pressure as time progresses.
Secondary hypertension occurs as a result of an underlying condition, the use of medications, or the consumption of alcohol, illegal drugs, or prescription amphetamines. Underlying illnesses can also cause secondary hypertension: kidney disease, thyroid issues, congenital disabilities, or obstructive sleep apnea.
People who experience secondary hypertension can experience sudden spikes in blood pressure that are much higher than spikes in people with primary hypertension.
Men and women who have a diet that’s high in salt and who don’t consume enough potassium and vitamin D are at risk of developing high blood pressure. Factors such as race and age can also play a part in the onset of secondary hypertension.
Other causes may include:
Let the experienced physicians of Amsterdam Medical Practice conduct a blood pressure screening or help you manage your high blood pressure: Call the office or book your appointment online today.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!